The Ministry of Labor, War Invalids and Social Affairs estimates that in 2023, the number of Vietnamese workers working abroad under contracts will be about 155,000 people, the highest number ever and an increase of 8.55% over the year. 2022.

From 2010 to present, Vietnam has sent over 1.4 million workers to work abroad for a limited period of time.

The number of people working abroad is the highest ever

According to Deputy Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs Nguyen Ba Hoan, sending Vietnamese workers to work abroad for a limited time is always of interest to the Party and State and is considered an important, long-term strategy, contributing to team building. labor force for the country’s construction in the period of industrialization and modernization; is a part of international cooperation, contributing to strengthening friendly relations and long-term cooperation with other countries.

Vietnam currently has more than 500 service enterprises licensed to send workers to more than 40 countries and territories to work, of which from 2010 until now they have sent over 1.4 million workers to work abroad. outside for a limited time.

On average, each year, agencies and businesses send about 120,000 to 143,000 workers abroad to work. The amount of remittances sent from this workforce reached about 3.5-4 billion USD, contributing to promoting the country’s socio-economic development.

Along with that, the work of information and propaganda of policies and laws on Vietnamese workers working abroad is focused; Strengthen inspection and examination work, promptly handle arising problems, ensure the legal rights and interests of workers and businesses.

In 2023, solutions to stabilize and develop the foreign labor market will continue to be promoted; The recruitment, training and sending of Vietnamese workers to work abroad under contracts are more strictly managed.

Some localities have actively organized support and consulting activities for workers who have completed their contracts to return home and integrate into the domestic labor market.

It is estimated that in 2023, the number of Vietnamese workers working abroad under contracts will be about 155,000 people, reaching 129% of the year’s plan, an increase of 8.55% compared to 2022.

In the first 11 months of 2023, the total number of Vietnamese workers working abroad is 146,156 workers (50,561 female workers), of which Japan market: 74,354 workers (31,592 female workers), Taiwan ( China): 54,769 workers (16,820 female workers), Korea: 7,830 workers (537 female workers), China: 1,785 male workers (02 female workers), Hungary: 1,463 workers (695 workers female), Singapore: 1,333 male workers, Romania: 804 workers (143 female workers), Poland: 760 workers (136 female workers) and other markets.

Aim for new markets
In addition to continuing to develop traditional markets, the highlight of the work of sending workers to work abroad in 2023 is the strengthening and opening of more job opportunities for workers in European countries. . Typically in Hungary, the number of workers coming to work in this market has increased gradually over the years, in which the number of workers leaving the country in 2021 is 465 people, in 2022 it is 775 people and has reached 1,148 workers. in just 9 months of 2023.

In addition to traditional markets that receive many Vietnamese workers such as Japan, Taiwan and Korea, the Ministry is focusing on new directions, deploying labor market development in a number of European countries, including Hungary and open more markets such as Poland, Slovakia, Croatia…

Another market in the European region that is also starting to recruit Vietnamese workers to work is Greece. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs had a working session with the Greek National Agricultural Cooperative Alliance on establishing cooperation in bringing Vietnamese workers to work in Greece in the agricultural sector. To date, the Ministry has approved 6 businesses to create labor sources to work in Greece in the agricultural industry.

Commenting on opportunities for Vietnamese workers in the European market, Mr. Nguyen Gia Liem – Deputy Director of Overseas Labor Management (Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs) said that Germany and many countries in Europe do not accept unskilled workers. from abroad but are willing to pay salaries and provide free training to get skilled workers according to their training standards. In Germany, occupations that are lacking skilled workers include: Nursing, construction, restaurants – hotels, mechanics, electronics, food processing… Depending on the occupation, workers are trained. from 2 to 3 years according to the dual vocational training system, 30% learn theory at the training facility; 70% learn hands-on at enterprises… so that when they graduate, they can work at the enterprises they were trained for.

“It is predicted that when Europe gradually stabilizes, it will increase the recruitment of Vietnamese workers. However, European countries have mandatory requirements for workers to have certain skills and qualifications. In the long term, we determine policy of sending workers to work abroad not only to earn more income but also to learn knowledge, skills, practice skills and foreign languages. In terms of quality, the number of trained workers will gradually increase methodically, at least 6 months of training is required, gradually increasing the training rate from 60% to 80% by 2025,” said Mr. Pham Gia Liem.

Improving the quality of Vietnamese workers working abroad under contracts is identified as a key task

Prepare high quality labor source
According to the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs, in 2024, improving the quality of Vietnamese workers working abroad under contracts is identified as a key task. At the same time, stabilize and maintain existing markets, develop and expand high-income markets, suitable to the qualifications and skills of Vietnamese workers.

Information, propaganda, and guidance for businesses to proactively prepare labor resources will also be emphasized; Carry out well the work of fostering vocational skills and foreign languages ​​for workers before going to work abroad.

The Ministry will also monitor and capture information about Vietnamese workers working abroad to promptly handle arising issues, ensuring the legal rights and interests of workers and businesses; Strengthen support for workers to return home on time to integrate into the domestic labor market.

Along with that, continue to implement Directive No. 09-CT/TW dated September 9, 2021 of the Secretariat on attracting, managing and effectively using foreign workers in Vietnam. The Ministry also guides businesses, organizations and individuals that employ labor to implement the provisions of law on management of foreign workers working in Vietnam.

According to Minister of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs Dao Ngoc Dung, promoting the role and potential of the overseas workforce is an issue that the Government has directed in Resolutions. The Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs has also been implementing solutions, such as building a website and building a job exchange for workers.

The Ministry also connects Vietnamese businesses and foreign businesses. For example, in the case of workers returning home from Japan, they can work at Japanese businesses, which will be more suitable, and workers can also promote themselves. capacity and experience.

In addition, the Ministry also researches additional regulations on short-term, seasonal, seasonal labor recruitment… to take advantage of the workers’ strengths.

Another solution that is also considered is to create conditions for groups of people working abroad to borrow capital to continue production and business after returning; attract skilled labor after returning home.

In addition, the Ministry of Labor, Invalids and Social Affairs also promotes the implementation of policies to protect the legitimate and legal rights of workers.

In 2023, the Ministry has submitted to the Government to promulgate Resolution No. 60/NQ-CP on approving the Agreement between the Government of Vietnam and the Government of Korea on social insurance, and submitted to the Prime Minister to promulgate a Decision. No. 436/QD-TTg approving the Agreement Implementation Plan, and on December 8, 2023, the Ministry signed an Administrative Agreement with the Korean Ministry of Health and Welfare to officially implement the Agreement from January 1 /2024.

This is the first bilateral agreement between the two countries in this field and also the first bilateral agreement on social insurance between Vietnam and another country. With the Agreement and Administrative Agreement coming into effect from January 1, 2024, it will create favorable conditions for workers from both countries when moving to work in each side’s territory, protecting social insurance benefits for workers of the two countries.

In addition to regulations on avoiding double payment of social insurance, workers from both countries will be able to accumulate their time participating in social insurance in both Vietnam and Korea as a basis for calculating retirement benefits. .

Source from government newspaper – Thu Cuc

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